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Dispositionality is the way in which something is placed or arranged, in relation to other things. The complexity and adaptive capabilities of a CAS emerge out of the dipositionalities of the system and cannot be understood, explained or predicted in terms of linear causality or underlying causal laws. In a CAS the future state cannot be predicted but the dispositionalities indicate a set of possibilities and plausibilities.

Due to its dispositionality a CAS has propensities. The main consequence of this is that analysis will not reveal a solution and instead, we need to shift to parallel safe-to-fail experiments. The purpose of those experiments is to allow resilience and sustainable practice to emerge. There are a number of things that be done to the dispositions of the system to affect their manifestations and there are three that seem most central: interfering, triggering, and enhancing or regarding. How things connect is more important than the nature of the things themselves; especially true when you are trying to change attitudes and beliefs.

Dispositions only tend towards their manifestations; they do not necessitate them Mumford & Anjum

What Tends to Be. Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum https://sites.google.com/site/stephendmumford/what-tends-to-be Dispositional Modality, Stephen Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum. https://philpapers.org/rec/MUMDM



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